A vasectomy is an operation that makes a male permanently unable to get a woman pregnant. It involves cutting the 2 tubes called vas deferens so that sperm can no longer get into the semen. A vasectomy is usually done in your doctor's office or in an outpatient surgery center. The operation takes about half an hour. You'll be awake during the procedure. Your doctor will give you a local anesthetic to numb your scrotum.
After you're numb, your doctor will make a very small puncture (hole) on one side of your scrotum and pull out part of the vas deferens on that side. You may feel some tugging and pulling. A small section of the vas deferens is removed. The ends of the vas deferens are then sealed with small clamps. Your doctor will then do the same thing on the other side.
The puncture is so small that it heals without stitches.
After the surgery, you may have some pain, swelling and bruising in the area of the surgery. The bruises should slowly lighten and be gone in about 2 weeks. Then your doctor will give you instructions for you to follow after the surgery. You may be asked to wear tight-fitting underwear or a jock strap to support your scrotum. Ice pack can be used to help with the pain and swelling. Only light activity is permitted till you heal. Usually, one gets to normal mode within a couple of weeks.
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