Tubal ligation is a permanent voluntary form of birth control (contraception) in which a woman's fallopian tubes are surgically cut or blocked off to prevent pregnancy.
Tubal ligation procedure is performed in women who want to prevent future pregnancies. It is frequently chosen by women who do not want more children, but who are still sexually active and potentially fertile, and want to be free of the limitations of other types of birth control. Women who should not become pregnant for health concerns or other reasons may also choose this birth control method.
Tubal ligation is done in a hospital or outpatient clinic. You may receive general anesthesia or local anesthesia or spinal anesthesia. The procedure takes about 30 minutes.
During the procedure, your surgeon will make 1 or 2 small cuts (incisions) in your belly, usually around the belly button. Gas may be pumped into your belly to expand it. This helps surgeon see uterus and fallopian tubes. Your surgeon will insert a laparoscope, a narrow tube with a tiny camera on the end into your pelvic area. Instruments to tie your tubes will be sent through the laparoscope.
The tubes are either cauterized (burned shut) or clamped off with a small clip, a ring, or rubber bands.
Usually patients go home the same day but some women may need to stay in the hospital overnight.
Patients experience some tenderness and pain which can be alleviated by pain killers.
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