Jumpers Knee (Apicitis Patellae)
The patella tendon/ligament joins the kneecap (patella) to the shin bone or tibia.
This is part of the 'extensor mechanism' of the knee, and together with the quadriceps muscle and the quadriceps tendon, these structures allow your knee to straighten out, and provide strength for this motion.
Patellar tendonitis is the condition that arises when the tendon and the tissues that surround it, become inflamed and irritated.
The quadriceps actively straightens the knee in jumping to propel the individual off the ground as well as functioning in stabilizing their landing. This activity puts tremendous stress on the tendon especially in individuals who actively put extra strain on the knee joint such as those who regularly perform sports that involve direction changing and jumping movements. With repeated strain, micro-tears as well as collagen degeneration may occur as a result in the tendon. This is known as patellar tendinopathy or Jumpers Knee
If non-surgical treatments like adequate rest, anti-inflammatory medicines, physiotherapy doesn't provide adequate relief then surgery is the last option. Surgery either includes excision of the affected area of the tendon or a lateral release where small cuts are made at the sides of the tendon which take the pressure off the middle third.
An intensive rehabilitative program is normally advised following surgery. In particular the use of eccentric strengthening exercises may help stimulate healing.
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