Spinal fusion (Arthrodesis) is a major surgical procedure that joins, or fuses, two or more vertebrae. Spinal fusion surgery can last several hours.
Spinal fusion may be done by itself or in combination with decompression to treat painful symptoms caused by misalignment or instability of the vertebrae, such as spondylolisthesis.
Spinal fusion may also be done as a follow-up to decompression and debridement procedures done to treat spinal stenosis, herniated discs, spinal injuries, infection, tumors, and deformities.
There are different methods of spinal fusion (Arthrodesis) surgery.
- Bone is taken from the pelvic bone or obtained from a bone bank. The bone is used to make a bridge between adjacent vertebrae. This bone graft stimulates the growth of new bone.
-Metal implants are secured to the vertebrae to hold them together until new bone grows between them.
After spinal fusion surgery, you will need to be watched in the hospital for a few days. Bed rest is not usually necessary during your recovery period at home.
Your doctor may recommend that you wear a back brace during recovery. Rehabilitation can be a prolonged process and includes walking, riding a stationary bike, swimming, and similar activities.
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